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Agaonidae Walker 1846

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Chalcidoidea)

Agaonidae Walker, 1846. Type genus: Agaon Walker 1846.

ClassificationIdentification keys

Agaoninae

Ceratosolen_arabicus_female

Kradibiinae

Sycophaginae

 

Tetrapusiinae

Distribution

Worldwide.

Biology

Gall formers of fig ovules. Agaoninae, Kradibiinae and Tetrapusiinae are obligate pollinators of Ficus species.

References

Bouček, Z. (1988) Australasian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). A biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families with a reclassification of species. C.A.B. International, United Kingdom, 832 pp.

Campbell, B., Heraty, J., Rasplus, J. Y., Chan, K., Steffan-Campbell, J. & Babcock, C. (2000) Molecular systematics of the Chalcidoidea using 28S-rDNA. In: Austin A. D. & Dowton M. (Ed) The Hymenoptera: Evolution, Biodiversity and Biological Control, CSIRO Publishing, Canberra, pp. 59–73.

Cruaud, A., Jabbour-Zahab, R., Genson, G., Cruaud, C., Couloux, A., Kjellberg, F., van Noort, S. & Rasplus, J.Y. 2010. Laying the foundations for a new classification of Agaonidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea), a multilocus phylogenetic approach. Cladistics 26: 359-387.

Cruaud, A., Jabbour-Zahab, R., Genson, G., Couloux, A., Yan-Qiong, P., Da Rong, Y., Ubaidillah, R.,  Pereira, R.A.S., Kjellberg, F., Van Noort, S., Kerdelhué, C. & Rasplus, J.Y. 2011. Out of Australia and back again: the world-wide historical biogeography of non-pollinating fig wasps (Hymenoptera: Sycophaginae). Journal of Biogeography 38: 209-225.

Cruaud, A., Jabbour-Zahab, R., Genson, G., Kjellberg, F., Kobmoo, N., Van Noort, S., Da-Rong, Y., Yan-Qiong, P., Ubaidillah, R., Hanson, P.E., Santos-Mattos, O., Farache, F.H.A., Pereira, R.A.S., Kerdelué, C. & Rasplus, J.Y. 2011. Phylogeny and evolution of life-history strategies in Sycophaginae non-pollinating fig wasps (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea). BMC Evolutionary Biology 11:178. doi: 10.1186/1471-2148-11-178.

Farache FHA, Cruaud A, Genson G, Pereira RAS, & Rasplus J-Y. 2013. Taxonomic revision and molecular phylogeny of the fig wasp genus Anidarnes Bouček, 1993 (Hymenoptera, Sycophaginae). Systematic Entomology 38: 14–34. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3113.2012.00644.x

Farache, F.H.A. & Rasplus, J.Y. 2014. Revision of the Australasian genus Pseudidarnes Girault, 1927 (Hymenoptera, Agaonidae, Sycophaginae). Zookeys 404: 31-70. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.404.7204

Farache FHA, Cruaud A, Genson G, Rasplus J, & Pereira RAS. 2017. Taxonomic revision and molecular phylogenetics of the Idarnes incertus species-group (Hymenoptera, Agaonidae, Sycophaginae). PeerJ 5:e2842 https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.2842

Grandi, G. 1916. Gli Agaonini (Hymenoptera Chalcididae) raccolti nell'Africa occidentale dal
Prof. F. Silvestri. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Portici 10: 121-286.

Grandi, G. 1916. Nota su due Agaonini (Hymenoptera Chalcididae) dell’Australia. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Portici 11: 145-159.

Heraty, J. M., Burks, R. A., Cruaud, A., Gibson, G. A. P., Liljeblad, J., Munro, J., Rasplus, J.-Y., Delvare, G., Janšta, P., Gumovsky, A., Huber, J., Woolley, J. B., Krogmann, L., Heydon, S., Polaszek, A., Schmidt, S., Darling, D. C., Gates, M. W., Mottern, J., Murray, E., Dal Molin, A., Triapitsyn, S., Baur, H., Pinto, J. D., van Noort, S., George, J. and Yoder, M. 2013. A phylogenetic analysis of the megadiverse Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). Cladistics. doi: 10.1111/cla.12006.

Mayr, G. 1906. Neue Feigen-Insekten. Wiener Entomologische Zeitung 25: 153-187.

Rasplus J.Y., Kerdelhué, C., Le Clainche I. & Mondor, G. 1998. Molecular phylogeny of fig waps (Hymenoptera). Agaonidae are not monophyletic. Compte Rendu de l’Académie des Sciences de Paris, 321, 517–527.

van Noort, S. & Rasplus J.Y. 2010. Order Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea associated with figs (families Agaonidae & Pteromalidae)  In: A. van Harten (ed.) Arthropod fauna of the United Arab Emirates 3, pp 325-355.

Walker, F. 1846. List of the specimens of Hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part 1 Chalcidites.  vii+100pp. London

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).

Web authors Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

and Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, France)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. & Rasplus, JY. 2021. Figweb: figs and fig wasps of the world. URL: www.figweb.org(Accessed on <day-month-year>).

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