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Catalogue of Afrotropical fig wasps

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Chalcidoidea)

 

 

The catalogue includes species of fig wasp that have been recorded from the Afrotropical Region (defined as Africa south of the Sahara and including Madagascar and surrounding islands). The cited distribution refers to current records for the wasps. In most cases this is only a partial representation of the total distribution, since the distribution of the host fig trees is far more widespread.

Family: AGAONIDAE

  • Subfamily Agaoninae

    • Genus Agaon Dalman 1818

      • Agaon megalopon Wiebes

      • Agaon kiellandi Wiebes

      • Agaon taiense Wiebes

      • Agaon cicatriferens cicatriferens Wiebes

        • Agaon cicatriferens cicatriferens Wiebes 1989

      • Agaon cicatriferens multum Wiebes

      • Agaon gabonense Wiebes

      • Agaon spatulatum Wiebes

        • Agaon spatulatum Wiebes 1968

          • Host: Ficus lyrata Warb. (Ivory Coast)

          • Also recorded from Nigeria & Democratic Republic of Congo (at light)

      • Agaon fasciatum Waterston

        • Agaon fasciatum Waterston 1914

        • Agaon tridentatum Joseph 1959

      • Agaon paradoxum Dalman

        • Agaon paradoxum Dalman 1818

        • Blastophaga villiersi Risbec 1954

          • Host: Ficus barteri Sparague (Gabon)

          • Described from Sierra Leone. Also recorded from Senegal & Ivory Coast (at light)

      • Agaon acutatum Wiebes

      • Agaon obtusum Wiebes

      • Agaon baliolum Wiebes

        • Agaon baliolum Wiebes 1974

    • Genus Alfonsiella Waterston 1920

      • Alfonsiella binghami Wiebes

      • Alfonsiella bergi Wiebes

      • Alfonsiella fimbriata Waterston

      • Alfonsiella michaloudi Wiebes

      • Alfonsiella brongersmai Wiebes

        • Alfonsiella brongersmai Wiebes 1972

          • Host: Ficus burkei (Miq.) Miq. (Zambia, Zimbabwe, Kenya)

          • Also recorded from Nigeria (at light)

      • Alfonsiella longiscapa Joseph

        • Alfonsiella longiscapa Joseph 1959

      • Alfonsiella natalensis Wiebes

        • Alfonsiella natalensis Wiebes 1972

          • Host: Ficus "natalensis" (Uganda, Kenya)

      • Alfonsiella pipithiensis Erasmus, van Noort, Jousselin & Greeff.

        • Alfonsiella pipithiensis Erasmus, van Noort, Jousselin & Greeff 2007.

    • Genus Allotriozoon Grandi 1916

      • Allotriozoon prodigiosum Grandi

        • Allotriozoon prodigiosum Grandi 1916

          • Host: Ficus saussureana DC. (Guinea, Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Nigeria, Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda)

      • Allotriozoon nigeriense Wiebes

      • Allotriozoon heterandromorphum Grandi

        • Allotriozoon heterandromorphum Grandi 1916

        • Allotriozoon seychellense Masi 1917

        • Blastophaga wanei Risbec 1951

        • Blastophaga dakarensis Risbec 1954

          • Host: Ficus lutea Vahl (Senegal, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Nigeria, Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Tanzania, South Africa, Swaziland, Comores Is., Seychelles Is., Aldabra Is., Madagascar)

    • Genus Blastophaga Gravenhorst 1829

      • Blastophaga psenes (Linnaeus)

        • Cynips psenes Linnaeus 1758

          • Host: Ficus palmata Forsskål (Ethiopia)

          • Host: Ficus carica L. (South Africa, introduced)

    • Genus Courtella Kieffer 1911

      • Courtella hamifera hamifera Kieffer

        • Courtella hamifera hamifera Kieffer 1911

          • Host: Ficus ovata Vahl (Senegal, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Togo, Cameroon)

      • Courtella hamifera modesta (Wiebes)

        • Agaon paradoxum modestum Wiebes 1961

      • Courtella bekiliensis bekiliensis (Risbec)

      • Courtella bekiliensis bispinosa (Wiebes)

        • Agaon bispinosum Wiebes 1969

      • Courtella malawi Wiebes

      • Courtella gabonensis Wiebes

      • Courtella armata (Wiebes)

      • Courtella camerunensis (Wiebes)

      • Courtella scobinifera (Waterston)

      • Courtella sylviae Wiebes

      • Courtella penicula (Wiebes)

        • Agaon peniculum Wiebes 1974

      • Courtella wardi Compton

      • Courtella hladikae (Wiebes)

        • Agaon hladikae Wiebes 1979

      • Courtella michaloudi (Wiebes)

        • Agaon michaloudi Wiebes 1979

      • Courtella medleri (Wiebes)

        • Agaon medleri Wiebes 1972

    • Genus Dolichoris Hill 1967

    • Genus Elisabethiella Grandi 1928

      • Elisabethiella articulata (Joseph)

        • Blastophaga articulata Joseph 1959

      • Elisabethiella hilli Wiebes

        • Elisabethiella hilli Wiebes 1989

          • Host: unknown (Uganda)

      • Elisabethiella platyscapa Wiebes

        • Elisabethiella platyscapa Wiebes 1989

      • Elisabethiella bergi bergi Wiebes

      • Elisabethiella bergi breviceps Wiebes

        • Elisabethiella bergi breviceps Wiebes 1989

      • Elisabethiella pectinata (Joseph)

        • Blastophaga pectinata Joseph 1959

      • Elisabethiella longiscapa Wiebes

      • Elisabethiella baijnaithi Wiebes

      • Elisabethiella enriquesi (Grandi)

        • Blastophaga enriquesi Grandi 1916

      • Elisabethiella stuckenbergi (Grandi)

      • Elisabethiella glumosae Wiebes

        • Elisabethiella glumosae Wiebes 1989

          • Host: Ficus glumosa Del. (Guinea, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe, South Africa)

      • Elisabethiella comptoni Wiebes

        • Elisabethiella comptoni Wiebes 1989

      • Elisabethiella reflexa Wiebes

      • Elisabethiella socotrensis (Mayr)

      • Elisabethiella allotriozoonoides (Grandi)

        • Blastophaga allotriozoonoides Grandi 1916

          • Host: Ficus "natalensis" (Uganda, Eritrea)

    • Genus Nigeriella Wiebes 1974

    • Genus Paragaon Joseph 1959

      • Paragaon perplexum Joseph

        • Paragaon perplexum Joseph 1959

          • Recorded from Guinea (Berlese trap) & Nigeria (light trap)

      • Paragaon josephi Wiebes

        • Paragaon josephi Wiebes 1986

    • Genus Platyscapa Motschoulsky 1864

      • Platyscapa awekei Wiebes

        • Platyscapa awekei Wiebes 1977

      • Platyscapa binghami Wiebes

      • Platyscapa etiennei Wiebes

      • Platyscapa desertorum Compton

      • Platyscapa bergi Wiebes

      • Platyscapa soraria Wiebes

        • Platyscapa soraria Wiebes 1980

          • Host: Ficus ingens (Miq.) Miq. (Ivory Coast, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa)

Subfamily Kradibiinae

  • Genus Ceratosolen Mayr 1885 [Synonym: Sycocrypta Coquerel 1855]

    • Ceratosolen arabicus Mayr

    • Ceratosolen stupefacatus Wiebes

    • Ceratosolen namorokensis Risbec

    • Ceratosolen acutatus Mayr

      • Ceratosolen acutatus Mayr 1906

    • Ceratosolen capensis Grandi

      • Ceratosolen capensis Grandi 1955

        • Host: Ficus sur Forsskål (Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa)

    • Ceratosolen flabellatus Grandi

      • Ceratosolen flabellatus Grandi 1916

      • Ceratosolen dagatiguyi Risbec 1951

        • Host: Ficus sur Forsskål (Guinea, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya)

    • Ceratosolen silvestrianus Grandi

      • Ceratosolen silvestrianus Grandi 1916

        • Host: Ficus sur Forsskål (Senegal, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Nigeria)

    • Ceratosolen galili Wiebes

      • Ceratosolen galili Wiebes 1964

        • Host: Ficus sycomorus (L.) (Senegal, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Democratic Republic of Congo, South Africa, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania)

        • Host: Ficus mucuso Ficalho (Ivory Coast, Ghana, Nigeria, Uganda)

    • Ceratosolen coecus (Coquerel)

      • Sycocrypta coecus Coquerel 1855

      • Ceratosolen emmerezi Grandi 1924

    • Ceratosolen blommersi Wiebes

    • Ceratosolen longimucro Wiebes

    • Ceratosolen megacephalus Grandi

      • Ceratosolen megacephalus Grandi 1917

      • Ceratosolen carayoni Grandi 1963

        • Host: Ficus vallis-choudae Delile (Ivory Coast, Togo, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Kenya, Burundi, Uganda, Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi)

  • Genus Kradibia Saunders 1883

    • Kradibia gestroi afrum (Wiebes)

    • Kradibia hilli Wiebes

      • Kradibia hilli Wiebes 1978

    • Kradibia cowani Saunders

    • Kradibia saundersi Wiebes

    • Kradibia etiennei Wiebes

Subfamily Sycophaginae

  • Genus Eukoebelea Ashmead, 1904

    • Eukoebelea camerunensis Mayr

    • Eukoebelea sycomori Wiebes

      • Eukoebelea sycomori Wiebes 1968

        • Host: Ficus sycomorus L. (Senegal, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Namibia, South Africa)

  • Genus Idarnes Walker 1843

    • Idarnes gracile Wiebes

  • Genus Sycophaga Westwood 1840

    • Sycophaga afflicta Grandi

      • Sycophaga afflicta Grandi 1916

    • Sycophaga callani Grandi

    • Sycophaga cyclostigma Waterston

      • Sycophaga cyclostigma Waterston 1916

        • Host: Ficus sur Forsskål (Zimbabwe, South Africa)

    • Sycophaga depressa Risbec

      • Sycophaga depressa Risbec 1956

        • Host: unknown (Madagascar)

    • Sycophaga explorator (Coquerel)

      • Chalcis explorator Coquerel 1855

      • Apocrypta paradoxa Coquerel 1855

    • Sycophaga gigas (Mayr)

      • Eukoebelea gigas Mayr 1906

        • Host: Ficus sycomorus L. (Senegal, Yemen, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, South Africa)

    • Sycophaga gigantea Grandi

    • Sycophaga insularis Grandi

      • Sycophaga insularis Grandi 1916

        • Host: unknown (Cape Verde Is.)

    • Sycophaga robustus (Mayr) 1906

    • Sycophaga silvestrii Grandi

    • Sycophaga sycomori (Linnaeus)

      • Cynips sycomori Linnaeus 1758

      • Sycophaga crassipes Westwood 1840

        • Host: Ficus sycomorus L. (Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Senegal, Namibia, South Africa)

    • Sycophaga tenebrosa Grandi

    • Sycophaga valentinae Grandi

    • Sycophaga vicina Mayr

    • Sycophaga viduata Grandi

      • Sycophaga viduata Grandi 1916

        • Host: unknown (Cameroon)

Family PTEROMALIDAE

Subfamily SYCOECINAE

  • Genus Crossogaster Mayr 1885

    • Crossogaster lachaisei van Noort

    • Crossogaster michaloudi van Noort

      • Crossogaster michaloudi van Noort 1994

    • Crossogaster inusitata van Noort

    • Crossogaster rashbrooki van Noort

      • Crossogaster rashbrooki van Noort 1994

        • Host: unknown (Tanzania)

    • Crossogaster ovata van Noort

      • Crossogaster ovata van Noort 1994

    • Crossogaster triformis Mayr

      • Crossogaster triformis Mayr 1885

    • Crossogaster vansomereni van Noort

      • Crossogaster vansomereni van Noort 1994

        • Host: unknown (Uganda, Kenya)

    • Crossogaster hilli van Noort

      • Crossogaster hilli van Noort 1994

        • Host: Ficus "thonningii" & Ficus "natalensis" (Uganda)

    • Crossogaster robertsoni van Noort

      • Crossogaster robertsoni van Noort 1994

    • Crossogaster rastellus van Noort

      • Crossogaster rastellus van Noort 1994

        • Host: Ficus "natalensis" (Uganda)

    • Crossogaster praeacuta van Noort

      • Crossogaster praeacuta van Noort 1994

        • Host: unknown (Uganda)

    • Crossogaster odorans Wiebes

    • Crossogaster quadrata van Noort

      • Crossogaster quadrata van Noort 1994

    • Crossogaster stigma van Noort

      • Crossogaster stigma van Noort 1994

        • Host: Ficus glumosa Delile (Guinea, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa)

    • Crossogaster oculagrandis van Noort

      • Crossogaster oculagrandis van Noort 1994

        • Host: unknown (Cameroon)

    • Crossogaster lurida van Noort

  • Genus Philocaenus Grandi 1952 [Synonym: Phagoblastus Grandi 1955]

    • Philocaenus silvestrii (Grandi)

      • Crossogaster silvestrii Grandi 1916

      • Crossogaster atratus Masi 1917

        • Host: Ficus lutea Vahl (Senegal, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Kenya, South Africa, Madagascar, Comoros Islands, Seychelles, Aldabra)

    • Philocaenus comptoni van Noort

    • Philocaenus cavus van Noort

    • Philocaenus Boučeki (Wiebes)

    • Philocaenus comorensis van Noort

    • Philocaenus barbarus (Grandi)

    • Philocaenus geminus van Noort

      • Philocaenus geminus van Noort 1994

        • Host: Ficus "natalensis" (Uganda)

    • Philocaenus jinjaensis van Noort

      • Philocaenus jinjaensis van Noort 1994

        • Host: unknown (Uganda)

    • Philocaenus insolitus van Noort

    • Philocaenus medius van Noort

    • Philocaenus ugandensis van Noort

      • Philocaenus ugandensis van Noort 1994

        • Host: Ficus "natalensis" (Uganda), F. thonningii Bl. (Uganda)

    • Philocaenus barbatus Grandi

    • Philocaenus hippopotomus van Noort

      • Philocaenus hippopotomus van Noort 1994

    • Philocaenus bakeri van Noort

    • Philocaenus bifurcus van Noort

    • Philocaenus levis (Waterston)

    • Philocaenus rasplusi van Noort

    • Philocaenus clairae van Noort

    • Philocaenus warei van Noort

      • Philocaenus warei van Noort 1994

        • Host: Ficus glumosa Delile (Guinea, Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe, South Africa)

    • Philocaenus liodontus (Wiebes)

    • Philocaenus quatuordentatus van Noort

      • Philocaenus quatuordentatus van Noort 1994

    • Philocaenus zambesiacus van Noort

      • Philocaenus zambesiacus van Noort 1994

    • Philocaenus rotundus van Noort

      • Philocaenus rotundus van Noort 1994

  • Genus Seres Waterston 1919

    • Seres wardi van Noort

      • Seres wardi van Noort 1993

    • Seres longicalcar van Noort

    • Seres armipes armipes Waterston

      • Seres armipes armipes Waterston 1919

      • Seres longicephala Risbec 1951

        • Host: Ficus ovata Vahl (Senegal, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Cameroon)

    • Seres armipes breviceps Wiebes

      • Seres armipes breviceps Wiebes 1961

    • Seres solweziensis van Noort

  • Genus Sycoecus Waterston 1914

    • Sycoecus oculabulbus van Noort

    • Sycoecus taylori van Noort

      • Sycoecus taylori van Noort 1993

        • Host: unknown (Uganda)

    • Sycoecus ivoryensis van Noort

    • Sycoecus lamtoensis van Noort

    • Sycoecus crinitus van Noort

      • Sycoecus crinitus van Noort 1993

    • Sycoecus wiebesi van Noort

    • Sycoecus medleri van Noort

      • Sycoecus medleri van Noort 1993

    • Sycoecus bergi van Noort

    • Sycoecus thaumastocnema Waterston

    • Sycoecus nyassossoensis van Noort

      • Sycoecus nyassossoensis van Noort 1993

        • Host: unknown (Cameroon)

Family PTEROMALIDAE

Subfamily SYCORYCTINAE

Tribe APOCRYPTINI

  • Genus Apocrypta Coquerel 1855

    • Apocrypta brachycephala Grandi

      • Apocrypta longitarsus brachycephala Grandi 1916

    • Apocrypta cercaria Ulenberg

    • Apocrypta crypta Ulenberg

      • Apocrypta crypta Ulenberg 1985

    • Apocrypta guineensis Grandi

      • Apocrypta guineensis Grandi 1916

        • Host: Ficus sur Forsskål (Guinea, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Cameroon, Tanzania, Zambia, South Africa)

    • Apocrypta imbecillus Grandi

      • Apocrypta longitarsus imbecillus Grandi 1916

        • Host: unknown (Cameroon)

    • Apocrypta longitarsus Mayr

      • Apocrypta longitarsus Mayr 1906

      • Apocrypta minima Risbec 1951

      • Apocryptophagus bambeyi Risbec 1951

        • Host: Ficus sycomorus L. (Senegal, Cameroon, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia, South Africa)

    • Apocrypta perplexa Coquerel

    • Apocrypta polyspina Ulenberg

    • Apocrypta regalis Grandi

      • Apocrypta regalis Grandi 1916

        • Host: unknown (Cameroon)

    • Apocrypta robusta Grandi

    • Apocrypta setoptera Ulenberg

Tribe PHILOTRYPESINI

  • Genus Philotrypesis Förster, 1878

    • Philotrypesis africana Grandi

      • Philotrypesis africana Grandi 1921

        • Host: Ficus ovata Vahl (Guinea, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Cameroon)

    • Philotrypesis cnephaea Wiebes

    • Philotrypesis erythraea Grandi

      • Philotrypesis erythraea Grandi 1921

        • Host: unknown (Eritrea)

    • Philotrypesis finitimorum Wiebes

    • Philotrypesis longicornis Grandi

      • Philotrypesis longicornis Grandi 1921

        • Host: unknown (Guinea)

    • Philotrypesis palmata Joseph

      • Philotrypesis palmata Joseph 1954

    • Philotrypesis parca Wiebes

      • Philotrypesis parca Wiebes 1981

        • Host: Ficus burkei (Miq.) Miq. (Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa)

    • Philotrypesis selenitica Grandi

      • Philotrypesis selenitica Grandi 1921

Tribe SYCORYCTINI

  • Genus Sycoryctes Mayr, l885

    • Sycoryctes anceps (Wiebes)

    • Sycoryctes caelebs Wiebes

    • Sycoryctes coccothraustes Mayr

      • Sycoryctes coccothraustes Mayr 1885

    • Sycoryctes comparabilis Wiebes

    • Sycoryctes dagatiguyi (Risbec)

      • Apocryptophagus dagatiguyi Risbec 1951

        • Host unknown (Ivory Coast)

    • Sycoryctes hirtus Wiebes

      • Sycoryctes hirtus Wiebes 1981

        • Host: Ficus burkei (Miq.) Miq. (Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa)

    • Sycoryctes lomaenis Wiebes

    • Sycoryctes remus Wiebes

    • Sycoryctes sebertianus Masi

      • Sycoryctes sebertianus Masi 1917

        • Host unknown (Seychelles Islands)

    • Sycoryctes sjoestedti Mayr

      • Sycoryctes sjoestedti Mayr 1906

        • Host unknown (Cameroon)

    • Sycoryctes truncatus Mayr

      • Sycoryctes truncatus Mayr 1885

  • Genus Sycoscapter Saunders l883 [Synonym: Grandimyia Risbec 1956]

    • Sycoscapter cadenati (Risbec)

      • Goniogaster cadenati Risbec 1951

        • Host: unknown (Senegal)

    • Sycoscapter cornutus Wiebes

    • Sycoscapter gibbus Saunders

    • Sycoscapter montis Wiebes

    • Sycoscapter niger (Risbec)

      • Idarnes nigra Risbec 1951

        • Host: Ficus sur Forsskål (Guinea, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Cameroon, Tanzania, Malawi, South Africa)

    • Sycoscapter senegalensis (Risbec)

      • Sycoryctes senegalensis Risbec 1951

        • Host: unknown (Senegal)

    • Sycoscapter tananarivensis (Risbec)

      • Grandimyia tananarivensis Risbec 1956

        • Host: unknown (Madagascar)

    • Sycoscapter tibialis Wiebes

      • Sycoscapter tibialis Wiebes 1981

  • Genus Sycoscapteridea Ashmead l904

    • Sycoscapteridea bambeyi (Risbec)

  • Genus Watshamiella Wiebes,1981

    • Watshamiella alata Wiebes

      • Watshamiella alata Wiebes 1981

    • Watshamiella fictitia Wiebes

      • Watshamiella fictitia Wiebes 1981

    • Watshamiella lucens Wiebes

Family PTEROMALIDAE

Subfamily OTITESELLINAE

Family PTEROMALIDAE

Subfamily EPICHRYSOMALLINAE

  • Genus Camarothorax Mayr 1906

    • Camarothorax mutabilis Vincent & Compton

      • Camarothorax mutabilis Vincent & Compton 1992

        • Host: Ficus ingens (Miq.) Miq. (Malawi, Zimbabwe, South Africa)

  • Genus Lachaisea Rasplus 2003

    • Lachaisea africana (Wiebes)

    • Lachaisea brevimucro (Bouček )

    • Lachaisea equicollis (Bouček )

    • Lachaisea hemimucro (Wiebes)

    • Lachaisea imerinensis (Risbec)

      • Callimomus imerinensis Risbec 1956

        • Host unknown (Madagascar)

    • Lachaisea longimucro (Bouček )

    • Lachaisea orientalis (Wiebes)

  • Genus Sycomacophila Rasplus 2003

    • Sycomacophila carolae Rasplus

      • Sycomacophila carolae Risbec 2003

    • Sycomacophila gibernaui Rasplus

    • Sycomacophila montana Rasplus

      • Sycomacophila montana Rasplus 2003

  • Genus Sycotetra Bouček 1981

    • Sycotetra serricornis Bouček

      • Sycotetra serricornis Bouček 1981

Family EURYTOMIDAE

  • Genus Eurytoma Illiger

    • Eurytoma ficusgallae Bouček

      • Eurytoma ficusgallae Bouček 1981

  • Genus Ficomila Bouček

    • Ficomila curtivena Bouček

    • Ficomila gambiensis (Risbec)

  • Genus Syceurytoma Bouček

    • Syceurytoma ficus Bouček

  • Genus Sycophila Walker

    • Sycophila flaviclava Bouček

      • Sycophila flaviclava Bouček 1981

    • Sycophila kestraneura (Masi)

      • Decatoma kestraneura Masi 1917

        • Host: Ficus burkei (Miq.) Miq.

        • Also recorded from Seychelles, Uganda, South Africa

    • Sycophila modesta Bouček

    • Sycophila naso Bouček

    • Sycophila punctum Bouček

    • Sycophila sessilis Bouček

      • Sycophila sessilis Bouček 1981

        • Host: Ficus burkei (Miq.) Miq.

        • Also recorded from South Africa.

Family ORMYRIDAE

 

Web authors Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

and Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, France)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. & Rasplus, JY. 2022. Figweb: figs and fig wasps of the world. URL: www.figweb.org(Accessed on <day-month-year>).

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