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Seres Waterston

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Chalcidoidea; Family: Pteromalidae; Subfamily: Sycoecinae)

Seres Waterston 1919. Type species: Seres armipes Waterston 1919.

Philocaenus Grandi 1952. Type species: Philocaenus barbatus Grandi, 1952. (Synonymy by Cruaud et al 2013)

Phagoblastus Grandi 1955 (Synonymised with Philocaenus by van Noort 1994b).

 

ClassificationIdentification Key

Seres armipes species-group

 

Seres armipes armipes Waterston, 1919

 

Seres armipes breviceps Wiebes, 1961

 

Seres solweziensis van Noort, 1993

Seres barbatus species-group
 

Seres arrujumensis (van Noort, 2006)

 

Seres barbatus (Grandi, 1952)

 

Seres hippopotomus (van Noort, 1994)

Seres levis species-group

 

Seres bakeri (van Noort, 1994)

 

Seres bifurcus (van Noort, 1994)

Philocaenus_clairae

Seres clairae (van Noort, 1994)

 

Seres levis Waterston, 1920

 

Seres rasplusi (van Noort, 1994)

Seres liodontus species-group

 

Seres barbarus (Grandi, 1955)

 

Seres bouceki (Wiebes, 1982)

 

Seres comorensis (van Noort, 1994)

 

Seres geminus (van Noort, 1994)

 

Seres insolitus (van Noort, 1994)

 

Seres jinjaensis (van Noort, 1994)

Philocaenus_liodontus

Seres liodontus (Wiebes, 1979)

 

Seres medius (van Noort, 1994)

 

Seres quatuordentatus (van Noort, 1994)

 

Seres rotundus (van Noort, 1994)

 

Seres ugandensis (van Noort, 1994)

 

Seres warei (van Noort, 1994)

 

Seres zambesiacus (van Noort, 1994)

Seres silvestrii species-group

 

Seres cavus (van Noort, 1994)

 

Seres comptoni (van Noort, 1994)

 

Seres silvestrii (Grandi, 1916)

Species-group inquirenda

Seres longicalcar van Noort, 1993

Seres wardi van Noort, 1993

Distribution

Philocaenus_map

Restricted to the Afrotropical region: Botswana, Cameroon, Comoros, Gabon, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Reunion, Senegal, Seychelles, South Africa, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Biology

Non-pollinators, entering the fig and galling ovules in fig species of Section Galoglychia, Subsections Caulocarpae, Chlamydodorae, Crassicostae, Galoglychia, Platyphyllae.

Reference

Cruaud A, Underhill JG, Huguin M, Genson G, Jabbour-Zahab R, Tolley KA, Rasplus JY, van Noort S. 2013. A Multilocus Phylogeny of the World Sycoecinae Fig Wasps (Chalcidoidea: Pteromalidae). PLoS ONE 8(11): e79291. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079291  

Grandi, G. 1952. Insetti dei fichi senegalesi. Bollettino dell'Istituto di Entomologia della Universitą degli Studi di Bologna. 19:31-45.

van Noort S. 1993. Systematics of the Sycoecine fig wasps (Agaonidae, Chalcidoidea, Hymenoptera), I (Seres). Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wettenschappen, 96(2): 233-251.

van Noort, S. 1994a. Systematics of the sycoecine fig wasps (Agaonidae, Chalcidoidea, Hymenoptera), IV (Philocaenus, in part). Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen 97: 311-339.

van Noort, S. 1994b. Systematics of the sycoecine fig wasps (Agaonidae, Chalcidoidea, Hymenoptera), V (Philocaenus, concluded; generic key; checklist). Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wettenschappen, 97: 341-375.  

Waterston, J. 1919. A new sycophagine (Agaonidae-Chalcidoidea) genus and species from the Gold Coast. Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 55, 274-277.

Credits

Photographs and illustrations © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa)

Next genus

Sycoecus

Web authors Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

and Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, France)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. & Rasplus, JY. 2018. Figweb: figs and fig wasps of the world. URL: www.figweb.org(Accessed on <day-month-year>).

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