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Sycoecinae Hill 1967

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Chalcidoidea; Family: Pteromalidae)

ClassificationIdentification Keys

 

Crossogaster Mayr, 1885

Diaziella/images/Diaziella_macroptera_habitus_220.jpg

Diaziella Grandi, 1928

Robertsia_mandibularis

Robertsia Bouček, 1988

Seres_wardi

Seres Waterston, 1919

Sycoecus Waterston, 1914

Distribution

 

Sycoecinae_map

Afrotropical: Yemen, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Cameroon, Gabon, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Seychelles, Comoros, Zambia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Madagascar, Aldabra Island, South Africa. Indo-Australasian: Brunei, China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea

Biology

Non-pollinating fig wasps (internal oviposition) in host Ficus (Moraceae) species in Subgenus Urostigma: Section Galoglychia and Section Stilpnophyllum (Subsection Malvanthera); Subgenus Pharmacosycea (Section Oreosycea).

References

Bouček, Z. 1988. Australian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera) : a biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. CAB International, Wallingford, 1-832 pp.

Cruaud A, Underhill JG, Huguin M, Genson G, Jabbour-Zahab R, Tolley KA, Rasplus JY, van Noort S. 2013. A Multilocus Phylogeny of the World Sycoecinae Fig Wasps (Chalcidoidea: Pteromalidae). PLoS ONE 8(11): e79291. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079291  

Gardiner, A.J. & Compton, S.G. 1987. New species of the fig wasp genus Diaziella (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea, Sycoecinae). Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 130:129–140.

Grandi, G. 1928. Un nuovo genre quattro nuove specie di imenotteri sicofili di Sumatra. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Entomologia del R.Istituto Superiore Agrario di Bologna 1: 71-89.

Grandi, G. 1952. Insetti dei fichi senegalesi. Bollettino dell'Istituto di Entomologia della Università degli Studi di Bologna. 19:31-45.

Hill D. 1967. Figs (Ficus spp.) and fig wasps (Chalcidoidea). Journal of Natural History, 1: 413-434.

Mayr, G. 1885. Feigeninsecten. Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 35, 147-250.  

van Noort S., 1993. Systematics of the sycoecine fig wasps (Agaonidae, Chalcidoidea, Hymenoptera), II (Sycoecus). Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen 96: 449-475.

van Noort S., 1993. Systematics of the Sycoecine fig wasps (Agaonidae, Chalcidoidea, Hymenoptera), I (Seres). Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wettenschappen, 96(2): 233-251.  

van Noort S., 1994a. Systematics of the Sycoecine fig wasps (Agaonidae, Chalcidoidea, Hymenoptera), III (Crossogaster). Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wettenschappen, 97(1): 83-122.  

van Noort, S. 1994b. Systematics of the sycoecine fig wasps (Agaonidae, Chalcidoidea, Hymenoptera), IV (Philocaenus, in part). Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen 97: 311-339.

van Noort, S. 1994c. Systematics of the sycoecine fig wasps (Agaonidae, Chalcidoidea, Hymenoptera), V (Philocaenus, concluded; generic key; checklist). Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wettenschappen, 97: 341-375.  

van Noort, S., Peng, Y.Q. & Rasplus, J.Y. 2006. First record of the fig wasp genus Diaziella Grandi (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Pteromalidae: Sycoecinae) from the Asian mainland with description of two new species from China. Zootaxa 1337: 39-59.

van Noort, S. & Rasplus, J.Y. 2005. Revision of the Papua New Guinean fig wasp genus Robertsia Bouček(Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea, Pteromalidae, Sycoecinae). Zootaxa 929: 1-35.

Waterston, J. 1914. Notes on African Chalcidoidea. I. Bulletin of Entomological Research. 5:249-258.

Waterston, J. 1919. A new sycophagine (Agaonidae-Chalcidoidea) genus and species from the Gold Coast. Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 55, 274-277.

Wiebes, J.T. 1974. The fig wasp genus Diaziella (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea, Torymidae, Sycoecini). Proceedings Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, Amsterdam (C) 77: 295-300.

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).

Next subfamily

Sycoryctinae

Web authors Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

and Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, France)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. & Rasplus, JY. 2018. Figweb: figs and fig wasps of the world. URL: www.figweb.org(Accessed on <day-month-year>).

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