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(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Chalcidoidea; Family: Pteromalidae)

ClassificationIdentification Keys











Parasitoids or inquilines of galling fig wasps associated with Ficus subgenera: Ficus, Sycidium, Sycomorus, Pharmacosycea and Urostigma.

Wasp hosts: Blastophaga (Agaoninae), Blastophaga psenes (Agaoninae), Ceratosolen capensis (Agaoninae), Ceratosolen dentifer (Agaoninae), Ceratosolen notus (Agaoninae), Ceratosolen solmsi (Agaoninae), Eupristina delhiensis (Agaoninae), Eupristina verticillata (Agaoninae), Kradibia brownii (Agaoninae), Kradibia gestroi (Agaoninae), Platyscapa quadraticeps (Agaoninae), Tetrapus (Agaoninae); Sycophagus (Sycophaginae).


Joseph, K.J. 1957. Contribution to our knowledge of fig insects (Chalcidoidea: parasitic Hymenoptera) from India. VII. Descriptions of fifteen new and revision of some old species. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France. 125:97-133.

McLeish, M.J., Beukman, G., van Noort, S., Wossler, T.C. 2012. Host-Plant Species Conservatism and Ecology of a Parasitoid Fig Wasp Genus (Chalcidoidea; Sycoryctinae; Arachonia). PLoS ONE 7(9): e44804. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0044804

Segar ST, Lopez-Vaamonde C, Rasplus J-Y, Cook JM. 2012. The global phylogeny of the subfamily Sycoryctinae (Pteromalidae): Parasites of an obligate mutualism. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 65: 116-125. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2012.05.030 PubMed: 22683561.

Wiebes, J.T. 1966. The structure of the ovipositing organs as a tribal characters in the Indo-Australian Sycophaginae Torymidae (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea). Zoologische Mededeelingen, Leiden. 41:151-159.



Web authors Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

and Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, France)


Citation: van Noort, S. & Rasplus, JY. 2019. Figweb: figs and fig wasps of the world. URL: www.figweb.org(Accessed on <day-month-year>).

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