HomeFigsFig waspsBiologyFig classificationWasp classificationWaspWebBiodiversity Explorer

Fig_book_cover

Ficus and fig wasp references

 

(Life; Embryophyta (plants); Angiospermae (flowering plants); Eudicotyledons; Order: Rosales; Family: Moraceae; Genus: Ficus)

This list has yet to become a comprehensive compilation. Ideally we would like to develop a resource that includes all publications dealing with any aspect of life associated with fig trees. Please send details of additional or missing publications to Simon van Noort.

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

U

V

W

X

Y

Z

Gahan, A.B. & Fagan, M.M. 1923. The type species of the genera of Chalcidoidea or chalcid-flies. Bulletin of the United States National Museum, Washington. 124:173pp.

Gahan, A.B. & Ferrière, C. 1947. Notes on some gall-inhabiting Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 40(2):271-302, Pl. I & II.

Gahan, A.B. 1951. Some synonymy and new combinations in Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). Canadian Entomologist. 83(7):170-176.

Galdikas, B. M. F. 1988. Orangutan Diet, Range, And Activity At Tanjung Puting, Central Borneo. International Journal Of Primatology 9, 1-35.

Galetti, M. & Morellato, L. P. C. 1994. Diet Of The Large Fruit-Eating Bat Artibeus Lituratus In A Forest Fragment In Brasil. Mammalia 58, 661-665.

Galetti, M. & Pedroni, F. 1994. Seasonal Diet Of Capuchin Monkeys (Cebus Apella) In A Semideciduous Forest In South-East Brazil. Journal Of Tropical Ecology 10, 27-39.

Galetti, M., Martuscelli. P., Olmos, F. & Aleixo, A. 1997. Ecology And Conservation Of The Jacutinga Pipile Jacutinga In The Atlantic Forest Of Brazil. Biological Conservation 82, 31-39.

Galetti, M., Pedroni, F. & Morellato, L. P. C. 1994. Diet Of The Brown Howler Monkey Alouatta Fusca In A Forest Fragment In Southeastern Brazil. Mammalia 58, 111-118.

Galil, J. 1967. Sycomore wasps from ancient Egyptian tombs. Israel Journal of Entomology. 2:1-10.

Galil, J. 1973. Pollination in dioecious figs: pollination of Ficus fistulosa by Ceratosolen hewitti. Gard. Bull. (Singap.) 26:303–311.

Galil, J. & Copland, M.J.W. 1981. Odontofroggatia galili Wiebes in Israel, a primary fig wasp, of Ficus microcarpa L. with a unique ovipositor mechanism (Epichrysomallinae, Chalcidoidea). Proceedings Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, Amsterdam (C). 84:183-196.

Galil, J. & Eisikowich, D. 1968. Flowering cycles and fruit types of Ficus sycomorus in Israel. New Phytol. 67:745– 758.

Galil, J. & Eisikowitch, D. 1968. On the pollination ecology of Ficus sycomorus in East Africa. Ecology, 49(2): 259-269.

Galil, J. & Eisikowitch, D. 1969. Further studies on the pollination ecology of Ficus sycomorus L. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie. 112(1):1-13.

Galil, J, & Eisikowitch, D. 1971. Studies on mutualistic symbiosis between syconia and sycophilous wasps in monoecious figs. New Phytol. 70:773–787.

Galil, J.& Eisikowitch, D. 1974. Further studies on pollination ecology in Ficus sycomorus. II. Pocket Filling and emptying by Ceratosolen arabicus Mayr. New Phytologist, 73: 515-528.

Galil, J, & Meiri, L. 1981. Number and structure of anthers in fig syconia in relation to behaviour of the pollen vectors. New Phytologist. 88:83–87.

Galil, J, & Neeman, G. 1977. Pollen transfer and pollination in the common fig (Ficus carica L.). New Phytol. 79:163– 171.

Galil, J. & Snitzer-Pasternak, Y. 1971. Note on pollination in Ficus religiosa L. Entomologische Berichten, Amsterdam. 31(6):123-124.

Galil J., R. Dulberger & D. Rosen, 1970. The effects of Sycophaga sycomori L. on the structure and development of the syconia of Ficus sycomorus L. New Phytologist, 69: 103-111.

Galil, J.; Ramirez B., W. and Eisikowitch, D. 1973. Pollination of Ficus costaricana and F. hemsleyana by Blastophaga estherae and B. tonduzi in Costa Rica (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea, Agaonidae). Tijdschrift voor Entomologie. 116(11):175-183.

Ganeshaiah K.N., P. Kathuria& R.V. Shaanker, 1995. Evolution of style-length variability in figs and optimization of ovipositor length in their pollinator wasps: a coevolutionary model. Journal of Genetics, 74(1&2): 25-39.

Ganzhorn, J. U. 1988. Food Partitioning Among Malagasy Primates. Oecologia 75, 436-450.

Gardiner, A.J. and Compton, S.G. 1987. New species of the fig wasp genus Diaziella (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea, Sycoecinae). Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 130:129–140.

Gardner, R.O. & Early, J.W. 1996. The naturalisation of banyan figs (Ficus spp., Moraceae) and their pollinating wasps (Hymenoptera: Agaonidae) in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany. 34(1):103-110.

Gardner, A. L. 1977. Feeding Habits. In Biology Of The Bats Of The New World Family; Phyllostamotidae. Part 2 (Ed. R. J. Baker, J. K. Jones And D. C. Carter), Pp. 293-335. Special Publications Of The Museum, Texas Tech University. Number 13. Texas Tech Press, Lubbick, Texas, Usa.

Gartlan, J. S. & Struhsaker, T. T. 1972. Polyspecific Associations And Niche Separation Of Rain-Forest Anthropoids In Cameroon, West Africa. Journal Of Zoology 168, 221-266.

Gaud, S.M. and Martorell, L.F. 1973. New insect records for Puerto Rico. Journal of Agriculture of the University of Puerto Rico. 57:247-254.

Gautier-Hion, A. & Michaloud, P. 1989. Are Figs Always Keystone Resources For Tropical Frugivorous Vertebrates? A Test In Gabon. Ecology 70, 1826-1833.

Gautier-Hion, A. 1980. Seasonal Variation Of Diet Related To Species And Sex In A Community Of Cercopithecus Monkeys. Journal Of Animal Ecology 49, 237-269.

Gautier-Hion, A., Emmons, L. H. & Dubost, G. 1980. A Comparison Of The Diets Of Three Major Groups Of Primary Consumers Of Gabon (Primates, Squirrels And Ruminants. Oecologia 45, 182-189.

Gautier-Hion, A., Hecketsweiler, P., Sourd, C., Tiollay, J. M., Rousilhon, C., Quris, R., Decoux, J. P., Dubost, G., Duplantier, J. M., Erard, C., Emmons, L., Feer, F. & Moungazi, A. 1985. Fruit Characters As A Basis Of Fruit Choice And Seed Dispersal In A Tropical Forest Vertebrate Community. Oecologia 65, 324-337.

Ghahari, H & van Noort, S. 2011. A comment on Iranian fig wasps (Chalcidoidea: Agaonidae, Pteromalidae). Linzer biologische Beiträge 43: 1247-1252.

Ghesquière, J. 1946. Contribution à l'étude de microhyménoptères du Congo Belge. X-XI. Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines. 39:367-373.

Gibernau, M.; Hossaert-McKey, M.; Anstett, M.C. and Kjellberg, F. 1996. Consequences of protecting flowers in a fig: a one-way trip for pollinators? Journal of Biogeography 23(4):425-432.

Gibernau M, Buser HR, Frey JE, & Hossaert-McKey M. 1997. Volatile compounds from extracts of figs of Ficus carica. Phytochemistry 46: 241–244.

Gibernau, M. & M. Hossaert-McKey. 1998. Are olfactory signals sufficient to attract fig pollinators? Ecoscience 5: 306 -311.

Giblin-Davis, R.M.; Center, B.J.; Nadel, H.; Frank, J.H. and Ramirez, B.W. 1995. Nematodes associated with fig wasps, Pegoscapus spp. (Agaonidae), and syconida of native Floridan figs (Ficus spp.). Journal of Nematology. 27(1):1-14.

Gibson, G.A.P.; Heraty, J.M. & Woolley, J.B. 1999. Phylogenetics and classification of Chalcidoidea and Mymarommatoidea - a review of current conceps (Hymenoptera, Apocrita). Zoologica Scripta. 28:87-124.

Gibson G.A.P., J.T. Huber & J.B. Woolley, 1997. Annotated keys of the genera of nearctic Chacidoidea (Hymenoptera). National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, 794 pp.

Ginige, P. 1998. Notes On Some Observations Of The Habitats And Biology Of Hornbills In Sri Lanka. In The Asian Hornbills: Ecology And Conservation (Ed. P. Poonswad), Pp. 33-48. Biodiversity Research And Training Program, National Center For Genetic Enginereing And Biotechnology, Bangkok, Thailand.

Girault, A.A. 1913. More new genera and species of chalcidoid Hymenoptera. Hymenoptera from Paraguay. Archiv für Naturgeschichte (A). 79(6):51-69.  

Girault, A.A. 1913. Diagnosis of new chalcidoid Hymenoptera from Queensland, Australia. Archiv für Naturgeschichte (A).79(6):90-107.

Girault, A.A. 1913. New genera and species of chalcidoid Hymenoptera in the South Australia Museum, Adelaide. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia. 37:67-115.

Girault, A.A. 1915. Australian Hymenoptera Chalcidoidea- IX. The family Cleonymidae with descriptions of new genera and species. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum. 4:203-224.

 

Girault, A.A. 1915. Loves wooed and won in Australia. 3 pp. private publication, Brisbane. taxonomy, Page 2.

Girault, A.A. 1915. Australian Hymenoptera Chalcidoidea - XIII. The family Agaonidae with descriptions of new (genera and) species. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum. 4:310-313.  

Girault, A.A. 1915. Australian Hymenoptera Chalcidoidea VI. The family Callimomidae with descriptions of new genera and species. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum. 3:313-346.

Girault, A.A. 1915. Australian Hymenoptera Chalcidoidea, XII. The family Callimomidae with descriptions of new genera and species. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum. 4:275-309.

Girault, A.A. 1915. Some chalcidoid Hymenoptera from north Queensland. (continued) Canadian Entomologist. 47:42-48.

Girault, A.A. 1916. The Javanese chalcidoid Hymenoptera. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 51:479-485.  

Girault, A.A. 1916. Australian Hymenoptera Chalcidoidea-general supplement. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum. 5:205-230.

 

Girault, A.A. 1917. Descriptiones stellarum novarum. 22pp. Private publictaion.

 

Girault, A.A. 1917. New Australian chalcid-flies (Hymenoptera Chalcidae). Insecutor Inscitiae Menstruus. 5:133-155

Girault, A.A. 1917. Some new Australian chalcid-flies, mostly of the family Encyrtidae. Insecutor Inscitiae Menstruus. 5:29-37.

Girault, A.A. 1917. Two new genera of Northern Maerican Entedoninae. Canadian Entomologist. 49.110-111. taxonomy; Page 110.

Girault, A.A. 1918. New and old West Indian and North-American chalcid-flies. Entomological News. 29:125-131.

Girault, A.A. 1919. Hymenoptera Chalcidoidea nova Australiensis.  3pp. Private publication, Brisbane

Girault, A.A. 1919. Javanese chalcid flies. Treubia. 1:53-59.

Girault, A.A. 1920. New syrphidoid, cynipoid, and chalcidoid Hymenoptera. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 58:177-216.

Girault, A.A. 1921. Miscellaneous species of chalcid-flies from Australia (Hymenoptera, Chalcididae). Insector Inscitiae Menstruus. 9:186-191.

 

Girault, A.A. 1921. New animals of Australia and old men of the Earth. 3pp. private publication, Brisbane.

Girault, A.A. 1922. New chalcid flies from eastern Australia. III. (Hymenoptera). Insecutor Inscitiae Menstruus. 10:148-154.

Girault, A.A. 1923. Microscopitis, womanitis and new hexapods.  7pp. private publication, Sydney

Girault, A.A. 1915. Loves wooed and won in Australia. 3 pp. private publication, Brisbane. taxonomy, Page 2.

Girault, A.A. 1924. Notes on descriptions of Australia chalcid-flies (Hymenoptera). Insector Inscitiae Menstruus.14:58-73.

Girault, A.A. 1925. An essay on when a fly is lovable. The ceremony of baptizing some and unlovely hate.  4pp. private publication, Brisbane

Girault, A.A. 1925. Indications (in new insects) of ruling power and law in nature.  3pp. private publication, Brisbane

Girault, A.A. 1925. Some gem-like or marvellous inhabitants of the woodlands heretofore unknown and by most never seen nor dreamt.  of 3pp. private publication, Brisbane

Girault, A.A. 1927. Notes on and descriptions of chalcid wasps (Chalcididae) in the South Australian Museum. Records of the South Australian Museum. 3:309-338.

Girault, A.A. 1928. A prodigeous discourse on wild animals.  3pp. private publication, Brisbane  

Girault, A.A. 1928. Some new hexapods stolen from authority. 4pp. private publication, Brisbane. taxonomy page 2.

Girault, A.A. 1929. Notes on, and descriptions of, chalcid wasps in South Australian Museum. Concluding paper. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia. 53:309-346.

Girault, A.A. 1931. A new habitat in an old insect. Homo pudicus and new eurytomid.  4pp. Brisbane, private publication

Girault, A.A. 1931. Hymenoptera, Thysanoptera nova australiensis.  2pp. Brisbane, private publication

Girault, A.A. 1932. New lower Hymenoptera from Australia and India.  6pp. Brisbane, private publication

Girault, A.A. 1933. Some beauties inhabitant not of commercial boudoirs but of natures bosom, notably new insects.  5pp. Brisbane, private publication

Girault, A.A. 1934. Miridae et Hymenoptera nova australiensis.  3pp.

Girault, A.A. 1939. Five new generic names in the Chalcidoidea (Australia). Ohio Journal of Science. 39:324-326.  

Girault, A.A. 1939. Descriptions of some chalcid wasps. Queensland Naturalist. 11.14-23.

Gittins, L. E. & Raemaekers, J. J. 1980. Siamang, Lar And Agile Gibbons. In Malayan Forest Primates. Ten Years Study In Tropical Rain Forest (Ed. D. J. Chivers), Pp. 63-105. Plenum Press, New York, Usa.

Glanz, W. E., Thorington Jr, R. W., Giacalone-Madden, J., Heaney, L. R. 1982. Seasonal Food Use And Demographic Trends In Sciurus Granatensis. In The Ecology Of A Tropical Forest. Seasonal Rhythms And Long-Term Changes (Ed. E. G. Leigh Jr, A. S. Rand And D. M. Windsor), Pp. 239-252. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., Usa.

Gmelin, J.F. 1790. Caroli a Linné Systema Naturae.  1(5):2225-3020.

Godfray HCJ. 1988. Virginity in haplodiploid populations: a study on fig wasps. Ecolological Entomolology 13:283–291.

Gordh, G. 1975. The comparative external morphology and systematics of the Neotropical parasitic fig wasp Idarnes (Hymenoptera: Torymidae). University of Kansas Science Bulletin. 50(9):389-455.

Goodman, S. M., Ganzhorn, J. U. & Wilmé, L. 1997. Observations At A Ficus Tree In Malagasy Humid Forest. Biotropica 29, 480-488.

Goodwin, G. G. & Greenhall, A. M. 1961. A Review Of The Bats Of Trinidad And Tobago. Description, Rabies Infection And Ecology. Buletin Of The American Museum Of Natural History 122, 187-302.

Gorchov, D. L., Cornejo, F., Ascorra, C. F. & Jaramillo, M. 1995. Dietary Overlap Between Frugivorous Birds And Bats In The Peruvian Amazon. Oikos 74, 235-250.  

Gordh, G. 1975. The comparative external morphology and systematics of the Neotropical parasitic fig wasp Idarnes (Hymenoptera: Torymidae). University of Kansas. Science Bulletin. 50 (9):389-455.

Grafen A, Godfray HCJ. 1991. Vicarious selection explains some paradoxes in dioecious fig-pollinator systems. Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. B 245:73–76.

Graham, C. H., Moermond, T. C., Kristensen, K. A. & Mvukiyumwami, J. 1995. Seed Dispersal Effectiveness By Two Bulbuls In Masea Lanceolata, An African Montane Forest Tree. Biotropica 27, 476-486.

Graham, D. L. 1996. Interactions Of Understorey Plants And Frugivorous Birds In A Lowland Costa Rican Forest. Ph.D. Thesis, University Of Miami, Miami, Usa.

Grandi, G. 1916. Contributo alla conoscenza degli Agaonini (Hymenoptera, Chalcididae) di Ceylon e dell'India. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della R. Scuola Superiore d'Agricoltura, Portici. 11:181-234.

Grandi, G. 1916. Gli Agaonini (Hymenoptera Chalcididae) raccolti nell'Africa occidentale dal Prof. F. Silvestri. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della R. Scuola Superiore d'Agricoltura, Portici. 10:121-286.

Grandi, G. 1916. Nota su due Agaonini (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea) dell' Australia. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della R. Scuola Superiore d'Agricoltura, Portici. 1916:145-159.

Grandi, G. 1917. Contributo alla conoscenza degli Agaonini (Hymenoptera Chalcididae) dell'Eritrea e dell' Uganda. Bollettino della Società Entomologica Italiana. 48:3-42.

Grandi, G. 1917. Contributo alla conoscenza degli Agaonini di Giava. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della R. Scuola Superiore d'Agricoltura, Portici. 12:3-60.

Grandi, G. 1919. Contributo alla conoscenza degli Agaonini dell America. Agaonini di Costa Rica. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della R. Scuola Superiore d'Agricoltura, Portici. 13:15-56.

Grandi, G. 1920. Descrizioni di una nuova Blastophaga a maschi completamente astomi e di una nuova Julianella di Costa Rica. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della R. Scuola Superiore d'Agricoltura, Portici. 14:251-264.

Grandi, G. 1920. Studio morfologico e biologico della Blastophaga psenes (L.). Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della R. Scuola Superiore d'Agricoltura, Portici. 14:63-204.

Grandi, G. 1921. Diagnosi preliminari di Imenotteri dei fichi. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova. 49:304-316.

Grandi, G. 1921. Ricerche sul gen. Philotrypesis Först. (Hymenoptera, Chalcididae). Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della R. Scuola Superiore d'Agricoltura, Portici. 15:33-190.

Grandi, G. 1923. Identification of some fig insects (Hymenoptera) from the British Museum (Natural History). Bulletin of Entomological Research. 13(3):295-299.

Grandi, G. 1923. Imenotteri dei fichi dell fauna olarctica e Indo-malese. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova. 51:101-108.

Grandi, G. 1924. Un nuovo Agaonino dell'Isola Maurizio. Bollettino della Società Entomologica Italiana. 56:81-87.

Grandi, G. 1925. Morfologia del gen. Tetrapus Mayr e descrizione di una nuova species della Costa Rica. Bollettino della Società Entomologica Italiana. 57:1-13.

Grandi, G. 1926. Hyménoptères sycophiles récoltés à Sumatra et à Java par E. Jacobson. Descriptions préliminaires. Treubia. 8:352-364.

Grandi, G. 1927b. Hyménoptères sycophiles récoltés aux iles Philippines par C.F. Baker, i. Agaonini. Philippine Journal of Science. 33(3):309-329.

Grandi, G. 1927. Imenotteri sicofili raccolti dal Prof. F. Silvestri nell'Indocina, nella Cina, nella peninsola Malacca e a Formosa. I. Agaonini. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della R. Scuola Superiore d'Agricoltura, Portici. 20:169-188.

Grandi, G. 1927a. Una nuova specie di Blastophaga del Giappone. Bollettino della Società Entomologica Italiana. 59:18-24.

Grandi, G. 1928. Hyménoptères sycophiles récoltés dans l'Inde par le Frère E. Gombert. Bull Soc. zool. Fr. 53, 69-82 (1928a).

Grandi, G. 1928. Due species di Blastophaga dell isole Figi ed istituzione di un nuovo sottogenere. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Entomologia del R.Istituto Superiore Agrario di Bologna. 1:65-70.

Grandi, G. 1928. Hyménoptères sycophiles récoltés dans l'Inde par le Frère E. Gombert. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France. 53:69-81.

Grandi, G. 1928. Revisione critica degli Agaonidi descritta da Gustavo Mayr e catalogo ragionato delle specie fino ad oggi descritte di tutto il mondo. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Entomologia del R.Istituto Superiore Agrario di Bologna. 1:107-235.

Grandi, G. 1928. Un nuovo genre quattro nuove specie di imenotteri sicofili di Sumatra. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Entomologia del R.Istituto Superiore Agrario di Bologna. 1:71-89.

Grandi, G. 1929. Studio morfologico e biologico della Blastophaga psenes (L.). 2a ediz. riveduta. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Entomologia del R.Istituto Superiore Agrario di Bologna. 2:1-147.  

Grandi, G. 1929. Aggiunte e modificazioni al catalogo regionato degli Agaonidi di tutto il tutto il mondo descritti fino ad oggi. Boll. Lab. Ent. Bologna 2, 189-191 (1929b).

Grandi, G. 1930. Monografia del gen. Philotrypesis Först. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Entomologia del R.Istituto Superiore Agrario di Bologna. 3:1-181.

Grandi, G. 1931. Agaonini raccolti da W. Greenwood nelle Isole Figi. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Entomologia del R.Istituto Superiore Agrario di Bologna. 4:8-11. 

Grandi, G. 1932. Résultats scientifiques du voyage aux Indes orientales néerlandaises de LL.AA.RR. le prince et la princesse Léopold de Belgique. Hymenoptera. Agaonidae - Chalcidoidea. Mémoires du Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique. 4(5):5-7.

Grandi, G. 1933. Sugli uriti degli adulti del gen. Cephalonomia Westw. e di altri Imenotteri e sulla loro interpretazione morfologica. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Entomologia del R.Istituto Superiore Agrario di Bologna. 5:13-21.

Grandi, G. 1934. Nuovi Agaonidi (Hymenoptera - Chalcididae) della fauna neotropica. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Entomologia del R.Istituto Superiore Agrario di Bologna. 7:186-197.

Grandi, G. 1935. Catalogo regionato degli Agaonidi di tutto il mondo descritti fino ad oggi (2d edizione). Bollettino del Laboratorio di Entomologia del R.Istituto Superiore Agrario di Bologna. 7:214-240.

Grandi, G. 1936. Agaonini raccolti dal Prof. F. Silvestri nell'America del Sud. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della R. Istituto Superiore d'Agricoltura, Portici. 30:1-8.

Grandi, G. 1938. Nuovi Agaonidae (Hymenoptera - Chalcididae) raccolti nel Brasile dal Prof. F. Silvestri. Bollettino dell'Istituto di Entomologia della Università degli Studi di Bologna. 10:44-69.

Grandi, G. 1938. Una Nuova specie di Blastophaga selle isole Marquesas. Bulletin of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, Honolulu. 142:199-201.

Grandi, G. 1952. Catalogo regionato delle Agaonine di totto il mondo descritti fino ad oggi (4a edizione). Bollettino dell'Istituto di Entomologia della Università degli Studi di Bologna. 19:69-96.

Grandi, G. 1952. Insetti dei fichi Messicani, Malesi ed Australiani. Bollettino dell'Istituto di Entomologia della Università degli Studi di Bologna. 19:47-67.

Grandi, G. 1952. Insetti dei fichi senegalesi. Bollettino dell'Istituto di Entomologia della Università degli Studi di Bologna. 19:31-45.

Grandi, G. 1955. Catalog ragionalo delle Agaonine del mondo descritte fino ad oggi. Bollettino dell'Istituto di Entomologia della Università degli Studi di Bologna. 21:107-139.

Grandi, G. 1955. Insetti dei fichi (Hymenoptera - Chalcidoidea) dell'Africa australe. Bollettino dell'Istituto di Entomologia della Università degli Studi di Bologna. 21:85-106.

Grandi, G. 1961. The hymenopterous insects of the superfamily Chalcidoidea developing within the receptacles of figs. Their life-history, symbioses and morphological adaptations. Bollettino dell'Istituto di Entomologia della Università degli Studi di Bologna. 26:I-XIII.

Grandi, G. 1963. Catalogo ragionato degli Agaonidae del mondo descritti fino a oggi (6a edizione). Bollettino dell'Istituto di Entomologia della Università degli Studi di Bologna. 26:319-373.

Grandi, G. 1963. Istituzione di un nuovo sottogenere di Blastophaga Grav. (Hymenoptera - Chalcidoidea). Bollettino dell'Istituto di Entomologia della Università degli Studi di Bologna. 26:239-240.

Grandi, G. 1963. Una nuova specie di Ceratoselen Mayr del'Africa occidentale (Hymenoptera Chalcidoidea). (55ø contributo all conoscenza degli insetti dei fichi.) Bollettino dell'Istituto di Entomologia della Università degli Studi di Bologna. 26:231-238.

Grandi, G. 1964. Descrizione del maschio di un Ceratoselen Mayr (Hymenoptera - Chalcidoidea - Agaonidae) rinvenuto in Africa (Costa d'Avorio) fra il pelame di un megachirottero (Hypsignathus monstrosus Allen). (58ø contributo all conoscenza degli insetti dei fichi.) Bollettino dell'Istituto di Entomologia della Università degli Studi di Bologna 27:71-75.  

Gravenhorst, J.L.C. 1827. Allgemeiner Bericht der Entomologischen Section. Übersicht der Arbeit und Beränderungen der schlesischen Gesellschaft für vaterländische Kultur. 1826:23-24.

Gravenhorst, J.L.C. 1829. Disuisito de Cynipe psene auctorum et descriptio Blastophagae, novi Hymenopterorum generis. Beiträge zur Entomologie, besonders in Bezug auf die schlesische Fauna. 1:27-33.

Greeff, J. M. 1995. Offspring allocation in structured populations with dimorphic males. Evolutionary Ecology 9, 550-558. pdf

Greeff, J. M. 1996. Alternative mating strategies, partial local mating and split sex ratios in haplodiploid species. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 9, 855-869. pdf

Greeff, J. M. 1997. Offspring allocation in externally ovipositing fig wasps with varying clutch size and sex ratios. Behavioral Ecology 8, 500-505. pdf

Greeff, J. M. 1998. Local mate competition, sperm usage and alternative mating strategies. Evolutionary Ecology 12, 627-628. pdf

Greeff, J.M. 2002. Mating system and sex ratios of a pollinating fig wasp with dispersing males. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 269, 2317-2323. pdf

Greeff, J. M. & Compton, S. G. 1996. Sequential oviposition and optimal sex ratios in pollinating fig wasps. Ecological Entomology 21, 300-302. pdf

Greeff, J. M. & Compton, S. G. 2002. Can seed protection lead to dioecy in Ficus. Oikos 96, 386-388. pdf

Greeff, J. M. & Ferguson, J. W. H. 1999. The mating ecology of the non-pollinating fig wasps of Ficus ingens. Animal Behaviour 57, 215-222. pdf

Greeff, J. M. & Taylor, P. D. 1997. Effects of inbreeding depression on relatedness and optimal sex ratios. Evolutionary Ecology 11, 245-247. pdf

Greeff, J. M. & Whiting, M. J. 1999. Dispersal of Namaqua fig (Ficus cordata cordata) seeds by the Augrabies flat lizard (Platysaurus broadleyi). Journal of Herpetology 33, 332-334. pdf

Greeff, J. M. & Whiting, M. J. 1999. Dispersal Of Namaqua Fig (Ficus Cordata Cordata) Seeds By The Augrabies Flat Lizard (Platysaurus Broadleyi. Journal Of Herpetology 33, 328-330. pdf

Greeff, J. M., Nason, J. D. & Compton, S. G. 2001. Skewed paternity and sex allocation in hermaphroditic plants and animals. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 268, 2143-2147. pdf

Greeff, J.M., van Noort, S., Rasplus, J.-Y. & Kjellberg, F. 2003. Dispersal and fighting in male pollinating fig wasps. Comptes Rendus Biologies 326, 121-130. pdf

Green, R. J. 1993. Avian Seed Dispersal In And Near Subtropical Rainforests. Wildlife Research 20, 535-557.

Greenhall, A. M. 1956. The Food Of Some Trinidad Fruit Bats (Artibeus And Carollia. Journal Of The Agricultural Society Of Trinidad And Tobago 869, 1-23.

Grison, L., A.A. Edwards & M. Hossaert-McKey. 1999. Interspecies variation in floral fragrances emitted by tropical Ficus species. Phytochemistry 52: 1293-1299.

Grison-Pige L, Bessiere JM, Hossaert-McKey M. 2002. Specific attraction of fig-pollinating wasps: role of volatile compounds released by tropical figs. J. Chem. Ecol. 28:283–95

Grison-Pigé, L., Hossaert-McKey, M., Greeff, J.M., & Bessière, J.-M. 2002. Fig volatile compounds – a first comparative study. Phytochemistry 61: 61-71.

Grissell, E.E. 1979. Family Torymidae. Catalog of Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico. 1:748-769. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. Ed: Krombein, K.V.; Hurd, P.D.; Smith, D.R.; Burks, B.D.

 

Grissell, E.E. 1980. Toryminae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Torymidae): a redefinition, generic classification and annotated world catalogue of species. Memoirs on Entomology, International 2:474 pp.

 

Grissell, E.E. 1980. New Torymidae from tertiary amber of the Dominican Republic and a world list of fossil torymids (Hymenopter: Chalicidoidea). Proceedings of Entomological Society of Washington .82(2):252-259.

 

Grissell, E.E. 1993. Zdenekius, a new genus of Nearctic Torymidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington.95(2):264-270.

 

Grover H, Chopra RN. 1971. Observations on oviposition, nutrition and emergence of some fig insects. J. Ind. Bot. Soc. 50A:107–115.

Gruezo, W. S. & Soligam, A. C. 1990. Identity and Germination of seeds from faeces of the Philippine Palm Civet (Paradoxurus Philippensis Jourdan. Natural History Bulletin Of The Siam Society 38, 69-82.

Gu D & Yang D.R. 2013. Utilisation of chemical signals by inquiline wasps in entering their host figs. J. Insect Physiol 59, 1065.

Web authors Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

and Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, France)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. & Rasplus, JY. 2018. Figweb: figs and fig wasps of the world. URL: www.figweb.org(Accessed on <day-month-year>).

Copyright 2004-2018 Iziko Museums of South Africa

website statistics