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Key to Sycophaginae genera

(from Liu et al 2017)

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Chalcidoidea; Family: Agaonidae; Subfamily: Sycophaginae)

Fig wasp keysAgaonidae keys

1. Petiole conspicuous, at least as long as broad (A); maxillary palpi four-segmented; labial palpi three-segmented; postmarginal vein conspicuous (may be short) (B); associated with Ficus subgenus Urostigma, section Malvanthera, Australasia …Pseudidarnes Girault, 1927


- Petiole short and transverse (a); maxillary palpi at most three-segmented; labial palpi at most two-segmented, the second reduced as setae-like; postmarginal vein inconspicuous or absent (b)…2


2. Antennae inserted closer to median ocellus than to clypeal margin (A); supraclypeal area higher than clypeus and laterally well delimitated by line or groove (A); ovipositor sheaths with a median constriction (B) (one exception: Anidarnes dissidens Farache & Rasplus, 2013); scrobal cavity including the median ocellus (A); associated with Ficus subgenus Urostigma section Americana, Neotropical region …Anidarnes Bouček, 1993


- Antennae inserted lower on head, at mid line of compound eyes or below (a); supraclypeal area as high as clypeus, poorly delimited laterally (a); ovipositor sheaths without a median constriction (b); scrobal cavity not including the median ocellus (a) …3


3. Malar sulcus present and conspicuous (A, B); sculpture of the head and mesosoma can be reticulated or engraved (A), or completely smooth (B); associated with Ficus subgenus Sycomorus more rarely with subgenus Urostigma section Americana; Old World …Sycophaga Westwood, 1840


- Malar sulcus absent (a); sculpture of the mesosoma always reticulated or reticulate engraved (a, b) …4


4. Toruli contiguous, the distance between them much smaller than the torulus diameter (A); interantennal projection absent (A); postmarginal vein inconspicuous (B); head and mesosoma with metallic tinge (A); males always winged; associated with Ficus subgenus Urostigma, section Conosycea, Oriental region …Conidarnes Farache & Rasplus, 2015


- Toruli separated from each other by about their diameter or more (a); interantennal projection present, sometimes inconspicuous (a); postmarginal vein always visible (b); head and mesosoma with metallic tinge or without, yellowish, brown to black; males apterous, only winged in the Idarnes incertus species-group …5


5. Pronotum medially more than 3/4 as long as mesoscutum (A); clypeus transverse (B), supraclypeal area not defined laterally by grooves (B); associated with Ficus subgenus Urostigma, section Malvanthera, Australasia …Eukoebelea Ashmead, 1904


- Pronotum shorter than 3/4 of the mesoscutum length (a); clypeus higher than wide or subquadrate (b), supraclypeal area defined laterally by deep or shallow grooves (b) …6


6. Wings with dense and long pilosity (A); interantennal projection conspicuous, blade-like, extending well above the level of the toruli (B); parastigma inflated and surrounded by a slight infuscation of the wing membrane (A); body black without metallic tinge; associated with Ficus subgenus Sycidium, section Sycidium, Eurasia …Sycidiphaga Liu, Rasplus & Huang, 2017.


- Wings with sparse and short pilosity (a), stigmal vein with adstigmal setae (a); interantennal projection not blade-like (b); parastigma not surrounded by a slight infuscation (a); body with metallic tinge; when non-metallic (black, yellow, brown) ovipositor sheaths much shorter than body length; associated with Ficus subgenus Urostigma, section Americana, Neotropical region …Idarnes Walker, 1843




Liu Y, Rasplus JY, van Noort S, Li Z, Huang D. 2017. Sycidiphaga, a new genus of Sycophaginae Walker, 1975 (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea, Agaonidae) associated with Ficus subgenus Sycidium in southern China. Zootaxa 4306: 91-107. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4306.1.5


Photographs © Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA) or Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa) or Fernando Farache (FFCLRP-USP, Ribeirγo Preto) or Yang Liu (Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing).

Web authors Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

and Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, France)


Citation: van Noort, S. & Rasplus, JY. 2021. Figweb: figs and fig wasps of the world. URL: www.figweb.org(Accessed on <day-month-year>).

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