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Sycophaga sycomori (Wiebes)

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Chalcidoidea; Family: Agaonidae; Subfamily: Sycophaginae, Genus: Sycophaga)

Eukoebelea sycomori Wiebes, 1967. Holotype female (slide mounted) in Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Leiden. Type locality: Usa, Tanzania. Combination by Cruaud et al, 2011.

Photographs © Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Leiden https://bioportal.naturalis.nl/taxon/Eukoebelea_sycomori

Kwali Camp, Malilangwe, Chiredzi, Zimbabwe. Photographs © Alan Manson https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/79515723

Female (RMNH 908). From Wiebes, 1967.


Ethiopia, Kenya, Namibia, Senegal, South Africa, Tanzania, Zimbabwe.


Host fig: Ficus sycomorus sycomorus Linnaeus.


Cruaud, A., Jabbour-Zahab, R., Genson, G., Couloux, A., Yan-Qiong, P., Da Rong, Y., Ubaidillah, R.,  Pereira, R.A.S., Kjellberg, F., Van Noort, S., Kerdelhué, C. & Rasplus, J.Y. 2011a. Out of Australia and back again: the world-wide historical biogeography of non-pollinating fig wasps (Hymenoptera: Sycophaginae). Journal of Biogeography 38: 209-225.

Cruaud, A., Jabbour-Zahab, R., Genson, G., Kjellberg, F., Kobmoo, N., Van Noort, S., Da-Rong, Y., Yan-Qiong, P., Ubaidillah, R., Hanson, P.E., Santos-Mattos, O., Farache, F.H.A., Pereira, R.A.S., Kerdelué, C. & Rasplus, J.Y. 2011b. Phylogeny and evolution of life-history strategies in Sycophaginae non-pollinating fig wasps (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea). BMC Evol Biol. 11: 178. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-11-178

Kerdelhué, C. & J.Y. Rasplus 1996. Non-pollinating Afrotropical fig wasps affect the fig-pollinator mutualism in Ficus within the subgenus Sycomorus. Oikos 75: 3-14.

Kerdelhué C., J.P. Rossi & J.Y. Rasplus, 2000. Comparative community ecology studies on Old World figs and fig wasps. Ecology 81: 2832–2849.

Wiebes, J.T. 1967. Fig wasps from Israel Ficus sycomorus and related East African species (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea). 2. Agaonidae (concluded) and Sycophagini. Zoologische Mededeelingen, Leiden. 42:307-320.


Photographs © Naturalis Biodiversity Center (Leiden), or photographs © Alan Manson, or photographs and map illustration © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).

Next genus: Idarnes                       Next species: Eukoebelea tristis

Web authors Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

and Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, France)


Citation: van Noort, S. & Rasplus, JY. 2021. Figweb: figs and fig wasps of the world. URL: www.figweb.org(Accessed on <day-month-year>).

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