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Key to species of Alfonsiella

(Life: Kingdom: Metazoa (animals); Phylum: Arthropoda; Class: Hexapoda; Order: Hymenoptera;  Superfamily: Chalcidoidea; Family: Agaonidae)

Fig wasp keysAgaonidae keys

FEMALES


1A

Head distinctly longer than wide (almost 1.5X). Antennal scape with an apical projection. Mandibular appendage with 35-40 hook-like ridges and fine crenulations ...2

1B

Head approximately as long as wide (0.95-1.1X). Antennal scape without an apical projection. Mandibular appendage with 15-20 hook-like ridges ...3


2A

Longitudinal diameter of the eye 1.3X the length of the cheek. Apical projection of the antennal scape wide; the pedicel rather slender: almost 3X as long as wide. Mandibular appendage with about 40 ridges, ex F. n. natalensis ...A. natalensis Wiebes

2B

Longitudinal diameter of the eye 1.5X the length of the cheek. Apical projection of the antennal scape narrower; the pedicel wider: about twice as long as wide. Mandibular appendage with about 35 ridges, ex F. n. natalensis & F. thonningii ... A. longiscapa Joseph


     

3A

Lateral ocelli present ...4

     

3B

Ocelli absent ...7


 

 

 

4A

Longitudinal diameter of the eye 2-3X the length of the cheek ...5

4B

Longitudinal diameter of the eye 5X the length of the cheek. Mandibular appendage with about 17 ridges, ex F. nigropunctata ...A. bergi Wiebes


     

5A

Longitudinal diameter of the eye twice the length of the cheek. Mandibular appendage with 20 ridges, ex F. thonningii ...A. brongersmai Wiebes

     

5B

Longitudinal diameter of the eye 2.7-3X the length of the cheek. Mandibular appendage with 14-17 ridges ... 6


     

6A

Mandible with 4-5 transverse lamellae; mandibular appendage with 14-15 ridges, ex F. stuhlmannii and F. petersii ...A. binghami Wiebes

     

6B

Mandible with 6-7 transverse lamellae; mandibular appendage with 16-17 ridges, ex F. craterostoma (Southern African population) ...A. pipithiensis Erasmus, van Noort, Jousselin & Greeff


     

7A

Mandibular appendage with about 15-18 hook-like ridges consisting of one tooth, ex F. natalensis leprieurii & F. kamerunensis  ... A. fimbriata Waterston

     

7B

Mandibular appendage with more than one tooth (or crenulation) in the 18 ridges, ex F. craterostoma (West African popuation) & F. l. lingua ... A. michaloudi Wiebes


MALES


     

1A

Antennal scape slender ...2

     

1B

Antennal scape robust ...5


   

2A

Head quadrate, as wide as long, ex F. nigropunctata ...A. bergi Wiebes

     

2B

Head longer than wide ...3


     

3A

Head 1.15X longer than wide, ex F. natalensis leprieurii & F. kamerunensis ...A. fimbriata Waterston

     

3B

Head 1.25X longer than wide ... 4


     

4A

Lateral sulcus on head complete, extending from eye to vertex; no fovea on posterior eye margin; mandibles elongate 3.5X onger than medial width, inner margin smooth; posterior extensions sharp, ex F. stuhlmannii and F. petersii (South Africa) ...A. binghami Wiebes

     

4B

Lateral sulcus on head incomplete, only extending a third of the distance to vertex; strong fovea situated on posterior eye margin; mandibles squatter, twice maximum width, inner margin basally with blunt tooth; posterior extensions blunt, ex F. craterostoma & F. petersii (Zambia) ...A. pipithiensis Erasmus, van Noort, Jousselin & Greeff


     

5A

Head 1.15X as long as wide, almost as broad (0.90×) anteriorly as posteriorly, ex F. thonningii ...A. brongersmai Wiebes

     

5B

Head 1.25X as long as wide, narrows anteriorly (width across eyes 0.75–0.80× posterior head width) ... 6


     

6A

ex F. craterostoma & F. l. lingua ...A. michaloudi Wiebes

     

6B

ex F. n. natalensis & F. thonningii  ...7


     

7A

Dorsal edge of the hind tibia with less than fifteen conical spines, ex F. n. natalensis & F. thonningii ... A. longiscapa Joseph

     

7B

Dorsal edge of the hind tibia with more than fifteen conical spines, ex F. “natalensis” ... A. natalensis Wiebes


References

 

Erasmus J.C., van Noort, S., Jousselin E.,& Greeff, J.M. 2007. Molecular phylogeny of fig wasp pollinators (Agaonidae; Hymenoptera) in Ficus section Galoglychia. Zoologica Scripta 36: 61-78.

Waterston, J. 1920. A new blastophagine genus and species from E. Africa (Hymenoptera - Chalcidoidea). Entomologist's Monthly Magazine (3). 56:197-200.

Wiebes J.T., 1988. Agaonidae (Hymenoptera Chalcidoidea) and Ficus (Moraceae): fig wasps and their figs, II. (Alfonsiella). Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, 91: 429-436.

Credits

Photographs © Simon van Noort (Iziko Museums of South Africa).

Web authors Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum)

and Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, France)

 

Citation: van Noort, S. & Rasplus, JY. 2021. Figweb: figs and fig wasps of the world. URL: www.figweb.org(Accessed on <day-month-year>).

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